Contoh Descriptive Text – Setiap bahasa memiliki beragam jenis tulisan untuk menyampaikan informasi. Sama halnya dengan bahasa Inggris. Banyak sekali jenis tulisan dalam bahasa Inggris. Satu diantara tulisan yang bertujuan untuk menyampaikan informasi adalah descriptive text.
Selain menyampaikan informasi, descriptive text juga menyajikan fakta suatu hal. Hal tersebut bisa dari benda, hewan, manusia, maupun tempat. Berbeda dengan text lainnya, descriptive text ini terbilang lebih sederhana.
Pemahaman mengenai text ini telah diajarkan sejak di bangku SMP. Hal tersebut menunjukkan bahwa text ini merupakan sebuah dasar untuk membuat tulisan berbahasa Inggris. Ketika kita telah memahamai satu text yang sederhana, maka text lainnya akan mudah dipelajari. Nah, pada kesempatan kali ini, akan dipaparkan segala hal mengenai descriptive text dan contoh descriptive text.
- PENGERTIAN DESCRIPTIVE TEXT
- CARA MEMBUAT DESCRIPTIVE TEXT
- 10+ CONTOH DESCRIPTIVE TEXT DALAM BAHASA INGGRIS
PENGERTIAN DESCRIPTIVE TEXT
Descriptive text adalah suatu jenis text dalam bahasa Inggris. Text ini bertujuan untuk menjelaskan atau mendeskripsikan suatu hal, bisa benda hidup maupun benda mati. Pada umumnya, text ini mendeskripsikan bentuk, sifat, dan ciri-cirinya.
Descriptive text biasanya dugunakan dakam sebuah soal untuk mengukur kemampuan membaca. Text ini sudah diperkenalkan pada siswa di SMP. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa text ini adalah text yang harus dipelajari oeh seseorang.
Text ini memiliki dua hal dasar yang terstruktur demi terciptanya suatu descriptive text. Pertama, identifikasi atau identifaction yang berupa pendahuluan, biasanya mengenai gambaran umum suatu hal. Kedua, description atau deskripsi adalah inti dari text ini. biasanya berupa ciri-ciri, sifat, dan hal spesifik lainnya.
CARA MEMBUAT DESCRIPTIVE TEXT
Dalam berbahasa, tulisan menjadi salah satu hal yang harus ada di dalamnya. oleh karena itu, penting sekali untuk kita mengembangkan kemampuan kita daam menulis. Menulis descriptive text tidaklah sesulit apa yang ada dalam bayangan. berikut ini adalah cara untuk menulis descriptigve text.
1. Tentukan Apa yang Akan Diceritakan
Menentukan hal apa yang akan diceritakan adalah angkah awal untuk membuat descriptive text. Hal ini bertujuan memudahkan kita untuk membuat karangan selanjutnya. Jika sudah memiliki gambaran mengenai apa yang akan diceritakan, kita hanya perlu mengembangkannya di kalimat yang selanjutnya.
Hal yang akan diceritakan bisa berupa benda, tempat, hewan, dan orang. Dari hal tersebut, kita haru memiliki gambaran umum dan spesifiknya masing-masing. gambaran umum biasanya diletakkan di paragraf pertama. sedangkan gambaran spesific ada dalam pararaf selanjutnya.
2. Memperhatikan Tata Bahasa
Jenis tense yang digunakan dalam text ini adalah simple present tense. Kata kerja yang digunakan pun kata kerja dasar atau kata kerja bentuk pertama (V1). Karena text ini merupakan text dasar dalam kemampuan menulis bahasa Inggris, maka tata bahasa yang digunakan pun masih terbilang sederhana.
10+ CONTOH DESCRIPTIVE TEXT DALAM BAHASA INGGRIS
Untuk mengaplikasikan kedua cara di atas, berikut adalah contoh descriptive text dalam bahasa Inggris:
1. My Rabbit
I have a rabbit. His fur is white and has black spots. He has long ears and a short tail. He also has cute red big eyes! My rabbit likes to eat carrot and other vegetables. When I release my rabbit out of his cage, he used to jump everywhere and hard to catch. So, I could just put him on his cage because I’m afraid that he might running away. I don’t wanna lost my rabbit because I love him very much.
I went to the zoo yesterday and I saw panda for the first time. Panda is the very cute animal I’ve ever seen. It has little eyes with black spots around them. His body is black and white colored. Its body is almost look alike with bear. Panda looks like tame animals but it is actually not. It eats bamboo and they almost eat 40 kg bamboo in just one day. Panda is animal from china. I like Panda because they are cute.
3. My Favorite Phone
My favorite phone is an android based smart phone. The android version is 7.1.2 or it is also known as Android Nougat. It is very reliable for me to play various of recent android-based game such as Mobile Legends since it is supported by 1.40 GHz Octa-core Max CPU with 3 GB RAM and 32 GB internal memory. Beside that, my phone is also supported by 4100 mAH lithium-ion polymer battery so I can play my favorite games for a long duration without even worry of running out of power. It is also very sophisticated since it is equipped with fingerprint scanner that allow me to unlock the phone quickly by only placing one of my finger on the pad. I always satisfy with the quality of photo taken by this phone because it has 13 MP rear or back camera and 5 MP front camera.
The color of my phone is black. The size (width x height x depth) is 70 x 139.2 x 8.7 millimeters. The total weight of the phone is 150 grams. It is very comfortable to be held with one hand, because it is not too large. The fingerprint scanner pad is located on the back of the phone. It is circular and the place is at the top center next to the rear camera. The back or rear camera is located at the top left on the backside of the phone. There is a flashlight next to the back camera. The phone external speaker is located on the bottom side of the phone along with the USB socket for the charger which located in the middle.
4. My Laptop
I have a laptop. My father bought it for me last month. It is a nice laptop with black color. It has a 14 inch screen. This is the latest product from ASUS.
The performance of this laptop is also great. I can play games that require high specification using it. I can also play music, watch movies and draw using it. And the most important thing is that I can typing using it. So, if I have the assignment from my teacher, it will help me. I also can find many references from Internet using my laptop. I really like this new laptop. Because it always be helpful to me in various situations.
5. My Favorite Book
I have a book which I bought last year. The book is a novel which titled The Story of An Idiot. I love that book because when I read it I get not only knowledge but also entertainment.
The color of the book’s cover is dominated in red. The book is written in English. The author of that book is Joseph J Joseph. It is a strange name but cool enough for the name of a novel author. The total pages of that book are 125 pages which are divided into 6 parts. At the back of the cover is actually the short summary of that book, but I changed it by sticking the picture of a monkey on it.
6. My Sister
My sister is four years older than me. Her name is Putu Erna Damayanti. I usually call her Mbok Tu. “Mbok” is a Balinese nick name for calling an elder sister.
She has the same hair like my mother, black and quite curly. My sister, mother and I have almost the same body tall. Her height is about 157 cm. Like our father, she is a government employee. My sister wears glasses for helping her see clearly. Putu occasionally wears contact lenses. She is very kind to me. Putu always helps me to find a solution for my problems. Actually, She is the best sister.
7. My Best Friend, Ernesto
My best friend is Ernesto and he is my classmate. We go to school together. Ernesto comes from an educated family. His father is a school principal and his mother is also a teacher.
Ernesto is punctual, well-educated, and has good manners. He is really hard working and always does his homework. Actually, he is also well-dressed and well-behaved. All teachers have a high opinion of him.
Ernesto has a well-built body and he is gentle but fearless. Then, he takes part in all sports, scout, trekking and mountaineering activities. He has a good heart, he is truthful, honest and obedient.
Ernesto also plays the guitar, and he makes his parents very proud of him. Actually, he secures good marks and is usually top of his class in examinations. Ernesto inspires me to work harder and he keeps me away from bad company. I am happy to have such a friend.
8. My Name is Lizzie
My name is Lizzie and my surname is Brown. I’m ten years old and I’m American. I live in 27 Lincoln Street in New York. It is a big city in the USA.
I am tall and thin. I have got long brown hair, black eyes, a small nose and a big mouth. I’m wearing a yellow blouse, an orange skirt, pink socks and blue trainers. Today I have got two nice bunches with two yellow ribbons in my hair. I’m good-temperate , polite and happy. My favorite food is pizza and my favorite drink is coke. I like cats very much. I can play tennis, but I can’t play basketball.
9. Borobudur Temple
Borobudur temple is one of the most beautiful tourist resorts in Indonesia. It is situated in central Java. The Borobudur temple is one of the seven wonders of the world which needs to be preserved its circumstances. The people all over the world know that Borobudur is one of the greatest art works that ever known since long time ago.
Borobudur temple was built by Syailendra Dynasty during the eighth century. It needed more than two million river stones. It is the biggest temple in the world. After going into some restorations, Borobudur is visited by more and more tourists, both domestic and foreign tourists. Most of them admire Borobudur temple because of its beauty, its elegance and the story of the relief on its walls. Domestic tourists usually go there by bus or private cars, while foreign tourists like to join travel bureau because they don’t need to think of the transportation, accommodation, and itinerary. There are some money changers around the location. It makes them easier to change their money. But some of them like to bring credit cards and checks.
10. Pink Beach
Pink Beach or Pantai Merah Muda is one of the beaches in Komodo island, East Nusa Tenggara. The beach is called Pink Beach because the sand beach is pink.
The pink color of its beach is a mixture of white sand beach colors mixed with crushed coral, shells, calcium carbonate from marine invertebrates that are very small, and also Foraminifera, microscopic amoeba that has a red body shell. At Pink Beach, there are so many marine organisms. No fewer than 1,000 species of fish, 260 species of coral, and 70 species of sponge can be found here. Having so much marine life, this place is a proper spot for snorkeling and diving for sea sports lovers.
Demikian pembahasan kita kali ini pada contoh descriptive text bahasa Inggris. Nah, bagaimana Sahabat Juraganesia, sudah tahu bagaimana cara menulis dan membuat descriptive text? Apakah tergolong mudah? Atau masih terasa sulit?
Hal yang paling penting adalah kemampuan untuk belajar. Belajar menulis adalah suatu hal yang penting dan memang diharuskan. menulislah dari hal-hal yang sederhana seperti recount text ini. setelahnya, kita bisa mengembangkan kemampuan menulis kita ke jenjang yang lebih tinggi.