Cerita Rakyat dalam Bahasa Inggris – Setiap daerah di berbagai tempat sudah barag tentu memiliki cerita di dalamnya. Cerita tersebut menandakan adanya kehidupan sebelum tempat itu dihuni olehpenghuni yang baru. Suatu cerita bisa saja beragam bentuk dan alurnya. Semua daerah memiliki cerita yang berbeda-beda.
Cerita rakyat kebanyakan biasanya mengandung unsur-unsur yang kurang masuk akal. Namun, justru hal inilah yang menjadi daya tarik tersendiri. Setiap kalangan, khususnya anak-anak sangat menyukai jenis cerita rakyat. Hal ini disebabkan oleh adanya unsur imajinasi dan fantasi yang membuat mereka senang ketika diceritakan menyoal cerita rakyat dalam bahasa Inggris.
Nah, pada artikel kali ini akan membahas tuntas mengenai cerita rakyat dalam bahasa Inggris. Mulai dari pengertian, ciri-ciri yang dimilikinya, jenis cerita rakyat, hingga contoh-contohnya.
- PENGERTIAN CERITA RAKYAT
- CIRI-CIRI CERITA RAKYAT
- JENIS-JENIS CERITA RAKYAT
- 10+ Kumpulan Cerita Rakyat dalam Bahasa Inggris Terbaik 2019
PENGERTIAN CERITA RAKYAT
Cerita rakyat merupakan cerita yang berasal dari masyarakat pada masa lampau dan berkembang di dalamnya. Hal tersebut menjadi ciri khas di setiap bangsa yang memiliki beragam kultur sosial dan budaya. Seperti yang sering ditrmukan, cerita rakyat mengisahkan suatu kejadian di suatu tempat atau asal mulasuatu tempat. Tak hanya manusia, tokoh-tokoh di dalamnya bisa berupa binatang, dewa, dan tumbuhan sekalipun.
Berbeda dengan cerpen maupun novel yang memiliki nama penulis, cerita rakyat ini sama sekali tidak diketahui siapa nama pengarangnya. Karena mengisahkan cerita di masa yang lalu, maka ada beberapa hal yang memang hanya ada pada masa tersebut. Cerita yang disajikan pun terkadang kurang masuk akal. Namun, hal tersebut merupakan daya tarik tersendiri bagi para pembaca.
CIRI-CIRI CERITA RAKYAT
Ada beberapa ciri yang melekat pada cerita rakyat, diantaranya adalah:
1. Bersifat turun-temurun
Cerita rayat biasanya akan diceritakan oleh seseorang yang hidup sebelum kita. Tidak menutup kemungkinan bahwa mereka pun mendengarnya dari para pendahulu. Ini mendandakan bahwa cerita ini sudah berumur lama. Dari hal tersebut, kita dapat menyimpulkan bahwa cerita tersebut sudah ada di sejak dahulu.
2. Disampaikan secara lisan
Seperti halnya ciri yang pertama, cerita rakyat juga biasanya disampaikan secara lisan. cerita ini menyebar dari seseorang kepadaorang lainnya. Namun, banyak juga dijumpai pada buku pelajaran di sekolah. Hal ini bisa jadi untuk menanamkan nilai budaya pada setiap siswa.
3. Memiliki banyak versi dan variasi
Karena cerita rakyat sendiri disampaikan dari lisan ke lisan. Juga, cerita ini disampaikan secara turun-temurun, maka hal ini memungkinkan adanya banyak versi dan variasi di dalamnya. Hal ini memungkinkan adanya perbedaan cerita di dalamnya.
4. Bersifat tradisional
Karena cerita rakyat ini tersebar di lingkungan masyarakat, sehingga
sifat dari cerita ini adalah tradisional. Isi ceritanya pun tak jauh dari cerita masyarakat setempat.
5. Bersifat anonim
Anonim di sini maksudnya tidak diketahui siapa pengarangnya. Karena disampaikan secara lisan, cerita ini juga tidak diketahui siapa yang pertama kali membuatnya. Meskipun begitu, cerita rakyat ini tetap memiliki nilai luhur yang terkandung di dalamnya.
JENIS-JENIS CERITA RAKYAT
Cerita rakyat terbagi ke dalam beberapa jenis, diantaranya adalah:
Fabel adalah salah satu cerita rakyat yang tokoh di dalamnya adalah hewan. Cerita ini biasanya tentang konflik ataupun kisah persahabatan sesama hewan. Contoh dari fabel adalah cerita Si Kancil dan Buaya.
Legenda adalah cerita rakyat yang mengisahkan asal muasal suatu nama tempat atau daerah tertentu. Contohnya adalah cerita legenda danau Toba, asal-usul nama Surabaya, legenda Malin Kundang.
Sage adalah jenis cerita rakyat yang mengisahkan tentang kepahlawanan seseorang. Contohnya adalah Si Pitung.
Mitos ialah cerita rakyat yang mengisahkan kehidupan para dewa-dewi. Contohnya adalah Kisah Jaka Tarub.
10+ Kumpulan Cerita Rakyat dalam Bahasa Inggris Terbaik 2019
Berikut adalah kumpulan cerita rakyat dalam bahasa Inggris:
1. Rabbit & Crocodile
Once upon a time, a Bunny wished to go across a river, however he could not swim. He had a concept, he saw a boss of Crocodiles swimming in the river. The Bunny asked he go across of crocodile.
“how many crocodile exist in the river?” in charge of crocodile answered, “we are twenty below”.
“where are they?”the Bunny requested the second time. “just what is it for?” in charge crocodile asked.
“all you are good, mild and also kind, so I wish to make a line in order. Later, I will certainly understand exactly how kind you are,” said the Rabbit.
After that the boss of the Crocodiles called all his good friend an asked then making a line in order from one side to the order side of the river. Fust after that, the Bunny began to count while jumping from one crocodile to an additional: one … 2 … three … four … till twenty. And finally, he said thanks to all Crocodiles because he had actually gone across the river.
In the myth we could discover massage is, prior to act, we think to do first, so that we could finish the challenging problem.
2. The Fox and The Crow
Eventually there was a fox that saw a Crow flying off with an item of cheese in its beak as well as clear up pleasantly on a branch of a tree.
” That’s my food, because I am a Fox,” Master Reynard stated, while he was mosting likely to the foot of the tree.
” Good day, Girlfriend Crow,” he welcomed. “Just how gorgeous you are looking today: how shiny your softy plumes; exactly how brilliant your eagle eye. I feel certain your voice must surpass that of various other birds, just as your number does; allow me take pleasure in one tune from you that I may greet you as the Queen of Birds.”
The Crow lifted up her head and also croaked her ideal, but the minute she opened her mouth the item of cheese dropped to the ground, and directly got by Master Fox.
” That will certainly do,” he said. “That was all I actually desired. As the substitution for your cheese I will give you an item of sensible suggestions for the future: “Do not depend on phonies.”
3. The Legend of Ruai Bird
In the past, there was a kingdom in West Kalimantan. The King had 7 little girls. The queen had actually passed away. The king did not intend to remarry.
The seven daughters were beautiful. Nevertheless, the youngest little girl was one of the most stunning. She was likewise the kindest. She commonly helped other individuals. Her sisters were significantly different. They were lazy and additionally had attitude problem. Ten, they were cruel to individuals.
The king learnt about his daughters practices. He typically advise his older child to practices. He commonly advise his older little girls to behave like the youngest little girl. Regretfully, they never heard the king’s advice. They hated their youngest sibling due to the fact that the king commonly praised her excellent behavior.
The older children commonly did horrible points to the youngest child. They commonly struck her. She was very depressing and usually cried. The older children might not inform it to her daddy since her older siblings constantly intimidated her. They would certainly strike her also harder if she informed their daddy.
One day, the king asked all her daughters to meet him.
” I’m mosting likely to the bordering kingdom. I’ll opt for numerous months. While I’m gone, my youngest daughter will rule the kingdom. Do you comprehend?” asked the king.
” Yes, we do, Papa, “claimed all the little girls.
The older children were upset. They very upset regarding their youngest sibling was asked to rule the kingdom.
After the king left, they prepared something negative. They wished to remove their youngest sister. They pretended to be wonderful to her. The youngest child enjoyed. Lastly, her older siblings behaved to her.
The older sisters asked her to go fishing. They asked to head to Gua Batu or a stone cave. There was a river streaming inside the cavern. And there were a great deal of fish because river.
The youngest child was so delighted when they ultimately reached the cave. She did not know that her siblings were mosting likely to do something negative to her.
” Rush, let’s go inside the cave. You could discover a lot of fish inside the cavern,” said the oldest daughter.
The youngest was so excited. As she went inside the cavern, she did not know that her sis remained outside the cavern. They continued asking her to go inside the cave.
She kept walking till she was shed and was calling out all her sis, however they did not respond. After that, she recognized that her siblings did not want her to rule the kingdom anymore.
She was extremely sad, and she sobbed. Instantly an old man came. He was a holy man. He was practicing meditation in the cave. She changed her tears right into eggs.
” Don’t fret, I could assist you. You can go back to the kingdom yet you need to change into a bird. I call you Ruai Bird. Afterwards, Brood these eggs. After they hatch, the birds will accompany you,” stated the old man.
She agreed. Slowly she became a stunning bird. And also nevertheless the eggs were hatched, they went back to the kingdom. They all stayed at the tree near the kingdom. They all saw exactly how the king penalized the older sister.
4. The Foolist Donkey
A salt vendor utilized to bring the salt bag on his donkey to the marketplace each day. On the way they needed to cross a stream. One day the donkey unexpectedly toppled down the stream and also the salt bag likewise fell under the water. The salt liquified in the water as well as thus the bag ended up being extremely light to lug. The donkey enjoyed.
Then the donkey started to play the exact same technique each day. The salt seller pertained to understand the technique as well as determined to educate a lesson to it. The following day he filled a cotton bag on the donkey. Once again it played the same technique wishing that the cotton bag would be still come to be lighter.
However the wetted cotton became really heavy to lug and it endured much. It found out a lesson. After that it did not play the technique and the seller enjoyed.
5. The Legend of Malin Kundang
A long time ago, in a small village near the beach in West Sumatra, a woman and her son lived. They were Malin Kundang and her mother. Her mother was a single parent because Malin Kundang’s father had passed away when he was a baby. Malin Kundang had to live hard with his mother.
Malin Kundang was a healthy, dilligent, and strong boy. He usually went to sea to catch fish. After getting fish he would bring it to his mother, or sold the caught fish in the town. One day, when Malin Kundang was sailing, he saw a merchant’s ship which was being raided by a small band of pirates. He helped the merchant. With his brave and power, Malin Kundang defeated the pirates.
The merchant was so happy and thanked to him. In return the merchant asked Malin Kundang to sail with him. To get a better life, Malin Kundang agreed. He left his mother alone. Many years later, Malin Kundang became wealthy. He had a huge ship and was helped by many ship crews loading trading goods. Perfectly he had a beautiful wife too. When he was sailing his trading journey, his ship landed on a beach near a small village. The villagers recognized him. The news ran fast in the town; “Malin Kundang has become rich and now he is here”. An old woman ran to the beach to meet the new rich merchant. She was Malin Kundang’s mother.
She wanted to hug him, released her sadness of being lonely after so long time. Unfortunately, when the mother came, Malin Kundang who was in front of his well dressed wife and his ship crews denied meeting that old lonely woman. For three times her mother begged Malin Kundang and for three times he yelled at her. At last Malin Kundang said to her “Enough, old woman! I have never had a mother like you, a dirty and ugly woman!” After that he ordered his crews to set sail. He would leave the old mother again but in that time she was full of both sadness and angriness. Finally, enraged, she cursed Malin Kundang that he would turn into a stone if he didn’t apologize. Malin Kundang just laughed and really set sail.
In the quiet sea, suddenly a thunderstorm came. His huge ship was wrecked and it was too late for Malin Kundang to apologize. He was thrown by the wave out of his ship. He fell on a small island. It was really too late for him to avoid his curse. Suddenly, he turned into a stone.
6. Si Kabayan Pays His Debt
Si Kabayan was so deeply in debt to an Arab usurer that it made him giddy even to think of it. How could he ever pay his debts when he no longer possessed a single thing that he could sell to obtain even a part of the amount he owed? He thought and thought, and at long last he hit upon a plan.
“Finally !” he said to his wife. “Now I know what to do !”
His wife agreed to his proposal, in fact welcomed it with great enthusiasm, and proceeded to help him carry it out. First she filled a washtub with palm wine and spread kapok all over the floor next to the tub. Si Kabayan bathed in the wine, and rolled his wet body around and around in the kapok until he was white an furry all over. Then he crawled into a large chicken coop.
Shortly afterwards the Arab came to Si Kabayan’s house to claim his due.
“Kabayan is not at home,” said his wife to the Arab.
“Where is he ?” asked the Arab.
“He’s gone to appear before the King.”
“The King ?” asked the Arab in great astonishment. “What has happened ?”
“He’s gone to report to the King that he has found and caught a very rare bird.”
“A rare bird ? What kind of bird?” The Arab indicated his desire to see the strange bird, but Si Kabayan’s wife refused. Kabayan was going to present this rare and wonderful specimen to the King, and if she let the Arab see it, she said, Kabayan would be very angry, because Kabayan had said specifically that no one else was to see the bird before the King himself.
This explanation merely increased the Arab’s desire to see Kabayan’s bird, and he prevailed upon Si Kabayan’s wife to show it to him.
Allowing herself to be persuaded, Kabayan’s wife took the Arab to the back of the house, where she pointed to a chicken coop covered with a piece of the cloth. Full of curiosity, the Arab lifted the edge of the cloth. As he raised it a little higher, Si Kabayan burst out of the cage, and crying ” ba-ra-ka-tak-tak; ba-ra-ka-tak-tak”, he ran out of sight.
Si Kabayan’s wife began to weep. “Oh, oh,” she sobbed. “Look what you’ve done! What will I tell Kabayan, and what will the King say. I’ll have to tell him that it’s all your fault that his bird got away. And then Kabayan will have to tell the King. Oh, oh!”
The Arab was frightened.
“Please don’t,” he pleaded. “Please don’t tell Kabayan and the King .”
And the exchange for her promise not to tell Kabayan, he cancelled all Kabayan’s debt.
7. The Legend of Situ Bagendit
Far away in an isolated village there was a young rich woman. The house that she had been living in was very big. Her wealth was plentiful. The young woman lived by herself. She didn’t have any friend at all.
“Wouw, I am very rich! I am the richest woman in this village!” said the young woman while she was looking at her gold and jewelries. It was so pity, that the young woman was very miserly. Her plentiful wealth never been used to help others.
“All of the wealth is mine, isn’t it? So what am I give it all to other for?” The young woman thought. However, many of villagers were poor. They lived in less condition. Sometimes some villagers were hunger, and didn’t get any food for days.
Because of the young woman miserly, the villagers called her Bagenda Endit. Bagenda Endit meant the miserly rich person. “Bagenda Endit, have mercy on me! My child has not eaten for few days”, said an old woman sadly.
“Hi, you crazy old woman! Get away from me!” yelled Bagenda Endit threw the old woman away. Because the old woman didn’t want to go, Bagenda Endit splashed her with water. Splash!, and all over the old woman body and her baby became wet.
Bagenda Endit was a feeling less woman. She didn’t even have a little bit mercy to the old woman and her baby. She even got more angry. After that, she asked the old woman to get out of her house yard. And then, she was dragging her out of the yard.
Although Bagenda Endit was very miserly, the village people kept coming in. The came for the water wheel. “No, I won’t let you to take away the water from my wheel! The water in the wheel is mine!” Bagenda Endit yelled angrily.
“You’re all stupid! You think you just can take the water from my wheel!” Bagenda Endit said while she was watching the thirst villagers outside the fence. Suddenly, a decrepit man was standing in Bagenda Endit house yard. He was walking tottery to the wheel while holding his stick.
When the old man was trying to take the water, Bagenda Endit saw it. Then, she hit the old man with a founder. “Have mercy on me Bagenda Endit! I want to take the water just for a drink”, said the old man when he was trying to get up.
8. Roro Jonggrang
A long time ago, there was a big kingdom who named Prambanan. People lived safe and peaceful. Then, Prambanan Kingdom was attacked and colonized by Pengging Kingdom who led by Bandung Bondowoso. He was a person who liked to command cruel. He was a supernatural man and had troop of demons.
One day, Bandung Bondowoso met Roro Jonggrang, beautiful princess of Prambanan’s King. He fell in love with her and asked her to be his queen. Then, she submitted condition to him. She was available become his wife if he could build 1000 temples just a night. Then, he asked his demons to build temples.
Bandung Bondowoso stood up in front of the stone. All of his hands are spread out widely. A few later, the sky became into dark. The troop of demons moved to have their duty. A few moments, the temple almost reached 1000 temples.
Roro Jonggrang was worried knowing Bandung Bondowoso helped by his demons. Many ladies in waiting are mandate to gather stubbles then burned out. The others are commanded to pound rice mortar in order to the cock crowing. So that, troop of demons thought if the sun rose and had to stop.
In the morning, Bandung Bondowoso showed to Roro Jonggrang the temple he had built just a night. He shocked when he knew that the temple only 999. Then, he changed Roro Jonggrang as statue to complete the temple. Finally, there were 1000 temples. The temples are called Roro Jonggrang Temple.
9. The Legend of Tangkuban Perahu
10. The Legend of Danau Toba
Once upon a time there was a prosperous village in a far away island called Sumatra. In northern part of the island, lived a farmer whose name was Toba. He lived alone in a hut by a small forest. He worked on his farmland to grow rice and vegetables that he sells to local market.
Once day he wanted to catch some fish so he went to a river and fished there. He was very surprised when he got a big fish. The fish was as big as human being. Soon he went home and put the fish in his kitchen. He planned to cook the fish for his dinner that night. When he got to his house that afternoon he took a bath. Then as he walked into his bedroom after taking a bath Toba was very shocked. Do you want to know what happened?
There stood in his living room a very beautiful girl. The girl greeted him nicely. For a moment Toba was speechless. When he could control his emotion he asked her.
‘Who are you? What’s your name? Why suddenly you are here in my house?’
‘Pardon me if I surprised you Mr. Toba, but you took me here. I was the fish that you caught in the river. Now that I become a human being again, I would like to thank you and I will be your servant to express my thankfulness’
‘Were you the fish?’
‘Yes, I was the fish. Look at your kitchen’.
Toba immediately rushed to his kitchen and the fish was nowhere to be seen. He saw some gold coins instead.
‘Whose coins are these? Why there are some coins here?’
‘Those coins are mine. As I changed into human being my scales changed into gold coins’
‘Ok you can live here and work for me. Your room is over there’
‘Thank you very much Mr. Toba’
Since that day the beautiful girl lived in Toba’s house. Since she was very beautiful Toba fell in love with her and not long after that they got married. The girl married to Toba on one condition that he would never tell anybody about her past. Toba agreed to the condition. Several months later Toba’s wife delivered to a baby boy. Their son was healthy. Soon he grew up into a handsome boy.
Toba named him Samosir. Unfortunately Samosir was a lazy boy. He did not want to work at all. When his father worked hard in his rice field and farm, Samosir just slept. When he was awake he talked a lot and he ate a lot. Toba was very disappointed with his son’s nature. He hoped that one day Samosir would change into a diligent boy. Day in and day out but Samosir never changed.
Toba used to go to his farm and rice field early in the morning. Then at midday his wife would bring him food. They used to eat lunch at their farm. As he was a teenager Toba and his wife tried to change his behavior. They ordered Samosir to bring food for his father for lunch while her mother stayed at home to do household chores. But Samosir never did his duty well. He always woke up very late. He woke up after midday. Then one day his mother forced him to bring the food.
‘Sam, wake up. Go to the farm and bring the food for your father. He must be very tired and hungry now’.
But Mom, I am tired and hungry too’
‘What makes you tired? You just wake up. Go now. You father needs the food’
Toba reluctantly went to the farm. But he did not go to the farm immediately. He stopped somewhere in the street and ate the food. It was already late afternoon when he got to the farm. His father was disappointed. Then he was angry as he realized that his son had eaten his food. He said sarcastically.
‘O, you are stupid lazy boy. You are son of a fish!’
Samosir was hurt. He went home right away and as he got home he told his mother about his father’s words. Samosir’s mother was shocked. She was also deeply hurt.
‘O Toba. You break your promise so I cannot live with you here anymore. Now you have to accept to consequence of what you did. Samosir, now go to the hill, find the tallest tree and climb it’
‘Why mom? What will happen?’
‘Just do it, never ask any question. Good bye’
As soon as she finished saying that suddenly the weather changed. Sunny day suddenly turned into cloudy day. Not long after that the rain poured heavily. The rain last for several days. Consequently the area was flooded. The whole area became a big lake. Then it was called Lake Toba and in the middle of the lake there is an island called Samosir Island. Meanwhile Toba’s wife disappeared.
Nah, demikianlah pembahasan artikel kali ini mengenai kumpulan cerita rakyat dalam bahasa Inggris. Ternyata banyak juga cerita-cerita rakyat. Bagaimana Sahabat Juraganesia? Apakah koleksi cerita rakyatnya sudah bertambah?
Penting sekali bagi kita semua untuk mengetahui cerita-cerita rakyat, terutama di Indonesia. Semoga artikel ini bisa bermanfaat dan bisa membantu sahabat semua.